Word Formation Processes
BorrowingBorrowing is one of the most common sources of new words in English. The words formed by borrowing of words from other languages are called loanwords. Over 80% of the English words are loanwords, and they are from over 120 languages.
|ketchup gweilo cha chaan teng laisee dim sum||(Chinese)|
|balcony opera violin spaghetti macaroni||(Italian)|
|kindergarten pretzel hamburger iceberg||(German)|
|karaoke tsunami sushi origami tycoon karate soy||(Japanese)|
|croissant macaroon resume mayonnaise coup d'etat||(French)|
A special type of borrowing is loan-translation.
red packet (Chinese) - loan-translation
laisee and hongbao - loanwords